Monday, 12 November 2012

Book Binding Methods//research

In order to make the best and most appropriate decision when it comes to binding my print manual, I researched into the different methods and ways books can be bound

Saddle Stitch Binding:
Saddle stitch binding is the simplest way to bind books in our time. This method is used to bind notebooks, brochures, pamphlets, and other small books. This is a common type of book binding, and one that you will see this type of binding everyday.
A book stapled at the center two or three times is nothing but saddle stitched. The saddle refers to the center of the folded papers where it is stapled, which is why saddle stitch binding is one of the most common an popular methods of book binding.
You can also staple from one side of the book if you don't prefer center stapled books. A long arm stapler is enough to start saddle stitching your books. Saddle stitch book binding is a popular method because of its combination of ease as well as overall effectiveness. If you are just getting started with binding books then this is a pretty good
style for you to tackle to get a feeling for how it can work.

Paperback Binding:
Paperback book binding is another way to bind a book. All novels, some comic books, some textbooks etc, basically any paperback needing binding, have paperback binding. The term "paperback" means that the covers of books are like paper. They are thicker than the inner pages to give the feeling of cover, but don't offer the same protection to pages as a hardcover book does.
Paper back binding is fairly simple, and you can 
bind paperback books at home after learning the process. Many people have found this useful and use this book binding style to do it by themselves.
Many authors who want to self publish but are not able to afford publishing houses, as well as book binding hobbyists who want to bind their own books, are using the paperback book binding method to bind their own books at home. Paperback binding is one of the more simple dyi book binding methods.

Hardcover Binding:
Another commonly seen binding is hardcover binding. It is a great way to protect books and help them to last much longer. You can see hardcover book binding in encyclopedias, thick books, diaries, and many other books. In hardcover books, a thick cover is attached with the help of special glue.
Hardcover binding can also be done at home but it requires more effort. The different steps involved are making signatures, poking holes in the signatures, sewing (probably the hardest part of this style of book binding), making the cover, and finally attaching the cover to the stack of signatures.
The result of this style of binding is well worth the effort, as the final product is 
beautiful and will protect your projects.

Coptic Binding:
Coptic binding is one of the oldest type of bookbinding which was practiced by the Copts in Egypt. It is also simple and you can try it now itself. This style of book binding goes all the way back to early human history and has re-gained popularity recently among many hobbyists. When it comes to Coptic bookbinding, there are tons of books, videos, and even entire hobby clubs dedicated to this practice.
In this style of hobby binding there is no spine because of which the book can be folded so that both the covers touch each other and it will not be damaged.
Two covers are placed above and below the papers and it is sewed through one edge. There are different methods of sewing. Some of them are easy while others are difficult. I always advise to start with easier methods before moving on to go for the difficult ones.

Thermal/Tape Binding:
Thermal binding is one of the recently developed type of bookbinding. In this method lose pages are secured or joined with a strip of plastic or tape and then fused with heat. It is similar to the perfect binding method where the pages are glued together. These are often used in a wide variety of office or business scenarios and are far less common with hobbyists, although thermal bookbinding can often happen simply because it's useful on a practical scale for scripts, projects, collaborations, or many other similar situations. In other words, this might be one of the most practical bookbinding styles
This method is used mainly for office documents and presentations. It gives a neat and sturdy look to the finished books. Sometimes it is also referred to as Velo binding.

Spiral Binding:
Spiral bindings may be made of either plastic or wire and allow the printed document to lie flat and to double over, useful characteristics for documents such as technical manuals, notebooks, and calendars.
Spiral binding allows play between pages. One cannot add pages to documents once they are spiral bound. Also, rough handling may crush the spirals. Spiral wire coils range from 1/4" to 2" in diameter. They can bind books of up to 24" in length.

Wire-O Binding:
A Wire-O binding holds the covers and pages of a document firmly in place by a double-loop wire inserted through holes drilled in their left edges. All of the document's pages lay flat when opened, can turn easily through 360°, and stay in perfect registration with adjoining pages.
Wire-O bindings come in nine standard colors and loop diameters from 3/16" to 1-1/4". They can handle documents from 1/8" to 1" thick. Often, they are used to bind reference books, reports, proposals, and calendars. They are durable, but do not permit printing on the document spine or the insertion of new pages.

Perfect Binding:
To produce a perfect-bound document, the piece's folded signatures are gathered together in page sequence, clamped together, and placed in a machine that slices about 1/8" off their left edges. Then roughers mill the newly sliced sheet edges to prepare them for gluing. Finally, the edges receive an adhesive application and adhere to a backing.
Perfect binding is well suited for use with books, thick magazines, annual reports, technical manuals, and catalogs. From a minimum thickness of 1/8", it works well with a wide range of document thickness' and trim sizes. However, the paper used should not be heavier than 100 lb. Book stock, with the grain running parallel to the piece's spine.

Coil Binding:
A continuous, spring-shaped piece of plastic, this durable crush-resistant bind allows a bound book to lay flat, even back on itself for easy reading.

Case Binding:
In case binding, most often used in book production, a minimum of 60 printed sheets are folded into 16 or 32 page signatures, which are collated and sewn by machine. The sewn edges are coated with glue. Then a strip of gauze adheres to the document's spine. Finally, a book and its covers are placed in a casing-in machine, which pastes the endpapers and fits the cover.

Tape Binding:
This process places a cloth strip of adhesive tape down the bind edge of the book and wraps around about half an inch onto the cover front and back.

Overall Range of Binding Methods:


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